In today’s post we are going to talk about the motor response that the human body has and the positive effects electrostimulation has to improve motor responses, and what kind of applications this technology can offer.
What is a motor response?
The motor response is characterized by being those that encompass all those actions that cause a movement. Another aspect to highlight of this type of responses is that they are short and of short duration. Two types of motor response are distinguished:
- Voluntary motor response: These initiate action in neurons found in the cerebral cortex and whose axons descend to the spinal cord. In this area is where the motoneurons that innervate skeletal muscles are activated.
- Involuntary motor response: It also uses spinal motor neurons, but this time they are activated by stimuli that come directly from sensory receptors.
To better understand what a motor response is, we must mention the famous Glasgow Scale, which is a scale designed to practically assess the level of Alertness in humans. In this scale there is a classification of motor responses:
The Glasgow scale was created in 1973 by a group of surgeons from the University of Glasgow. This scale is made up of three different categories:
- Eye opening.
- Verbal response.
- Motor response.
The Glasgow scale is usually used to find out what degree of head injury the patient has. This can have a perception of the possible improvements that the patient is obtaining.
|Absence of eye opening
|Lack of verbal activity
|Absence of motor response
|Before a painful stimulus
|Response with abnormal extension of the limbs
|To th order
|Response with bending
|Responds to painful stimulus but does not localize
|Locate painful stimuli
|Obey orders correctly
- If the score ranges between 13-15 it is a mild head injury.
- If, on the other hand, the score oscillates between 9-12, it is a moderate head injury.
- If the score is less than 9 it is based on a severe head injury.
Types of motor responses
The type of motor response is used to determine how well the brain is working. We can find six different types of motor responses.
- Follow orders. (6 points):
The person can accurately respond to instructions. To know if the motor response is correct, it is necessary to ask him to perform different actions to ensure that the response has been received correctly.
- Locate painful stimuli.(5 points):
This is the response to a central painful stimulus. This response involves the major centers of the brain that are responsible for recognizing that something is causing pain to the patient, so it will try to eliminate that source of pain.
- Responds to non-localized painful stimulus. (4 points):
This action arises in response to a central painful stimulus. The patient will make a reflex action in response, but not to locate the source of the pain and withdraw from it.
- Abnormal or spastic flexion response. (3 points):
This response is also known as decortication posture. This occurs when there is a blockage between the motor pathway between the brain stem and the cerebral cortex. It is located by flexion of the arms and rotation of the wrists
- Response with abnormal extension. (2 points):
This response is also known as decerebrate posture. This occurs when the motor pathway is damaged or blocked in the brain stem area. This type of response can be localized by straightening of the elbow and internal rotation of the shoulder and wrist.
- No response. (1 point):
At this point there is no response to any type of stimulus.
Apart from head trauma, other diseases affect the psychomotricity of the human body, such as multiple sclerosis, or paralysis.
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, degenerative disease of the nervous system that mostly affects the brain and spinal cord.
These diseases do not usually have a curative treatment, but they can use treatments such as electrostimulation to help them have a better quality of life and live healthier.
Paralysis is characterized by the loss or decrease of motor skills or the contraction of one or several muscles due to injuries to the nerve pathways, or to the muscles themselves.
Electrostimulation prevents and treats injuries
There are different techniques to achieve a muscular response. They have been used for many years in different fields such as physiotherapy, in sports, even in the beauty sector.
Electrostimulation has become a great ally due to the number of benefits it provides on a physical, aesthetic and health level, since it generates faster muscle recovery, prevents and treats injuries, improves muscle tone, causes optimal motor response, eliminates cellulite, helps lose weight, strengthens the pelvic floor, among many other benefits generated by electrostimulation.
Therefore, a perfect ally for certain motor responses is the use of electrostimulation.
Electrostimulation suits are comfortable, ergonomic and effective in providing the user with the electrical impulse they need to achieve their goals, and generate optimal motor response.
Consequently, this makes it possible to exercise the muscles, obtaining a more complete work of the muscles, and being able to offer a more complete muscular force.
This type of therapy is becoming more frequent in physiotherapy centers, so much so that this technique is known as electrotherapy.
How does electrostimulation work in physiotherapy?
As we have previously mentioned, Wiemspro electrostimulation suits have internal wires electrodes (that is, the electrodes are located internally inside the suit). These electrodes transmit an electrical current to the major muscle groups, activating the deeper muscle fibers and creating an involuntary contraction mimicking the central nervous system.
The physiotherapist or personal trainer controls the intensity of these electrical impulses that reach the muscles of the Wiemspro electrostimulation application.
Electrotherapy is an adaptable technology, that is, it adapts to all types of clients, according to their age and body composition, pathologies and objectives. The Wiemspro system offers the technician and the user a totally personalized treatment, making visible and effective results possible, and for all kinds of objectives.
Benefits of electrostimulation in physiotherapy
When we talk about the different types of benefits that electrostimulation brings us, we see that there are multiple electrostimulation applications.
In physiotherapy and motor response, it is ideal for treating muscle atrophy as a result of an injury, or long periods of immobility.
Electrostimulation also helps develop muscle strength and improves muscle tone.
We have discussed the multiple uses of electrostimulation if you have a problem derived from a lack of motor response.
For this type of therapy, despite its myths and legends, it can be used by anyone as long as it is properly supervised by a specialist, be it a physiotherapist or a personal trainer. For this, we have the e-learning Academy By Wiemspro platform at your disposal, where you can be certified as a Professional Electrostimulation Technician and be able to use the Wiemspro system, either in physiotherapy or physical activity training, even if you do not have previous experience in electrostimulation.
You would like to receive information on how to boost your business with Wiemspro. Write us here and we will provide you with personalized advice without obligation or cost.